The Action Plan has eight sub components which are not only distinct but are also closely linked and interrelated. The sub components are:
- Sub component 1: Long-term National Low Carbon Development Pathway. This is designed to facilitate reflection and/or mainstreaming of climate change aspects in the country's Vision 2030 and its Medium Term Plans (MTP). It also seeks to identify key elements of the country's low-carbon and climate resilient growth.
- Sub component 2: Enabling Policy and Regulatory Framework. This aims to review international, regional and national policy and legislative instruments relating to climate change with a view of developing a policy and /or legislative framework that promotes coherence, coordination and cooperative governance of climate change issues at the national and county levels.
- Sub component 3: National Adaptation Plan. Recognizing that adaptation is a priority, this sub-component aims to identify priority immediate, medium, and long-term adaptation actions in order to develop a National Adaptation Plan.
- Sub component 4: Nationally Appropriate Mitigations Actions (NAMAs). On the understanding that NAMAs are to be undertaken in the context of sustainable development, this sub-component is designed to identify and prioritize NAMAs that need to be internationally supported and enabled through technology development and transfer, financing and capacity building. In addition, the protection of forests is essential for reducing emissions from deforestation, this sub component will also address reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation plus (REDD+) readiness activities as well as opportunities presented by compliance and voluntary markets.
- Sub component 5: National Technology Action Plan (NAP). It is widely recognized that technology development and transfer is essential to support adaptation and mitigation efforts. This subcomponent focuses on facilitating technology needs assessment with a view of developing a National Technology Plan that incorporates setting-up of technology innovation centres.
- Sub component 6: National Performance and Benefit Measurement. The target is to develop national climate change monitoring, reporting and verification guidelines and performance indicators.
- Sub component 7: Knowledge Management and Capacity Development. Information on climate is critical in informing the design of appropriate adaptation¬¨? and mitigation actions, support planning and choice of strategies including assessment of risk and early warning systems. Capacity development of institutions involved in the planning and management of responses in vulnerable sectors is one of the most pressing climate change need in the country. This subcomponent will address issues relating to institutional and technical capacity strengths and needs of the various actors ranging from government, private sector, civil society and communities. It also encompasses education, training, public awareness and networking.
- Sub component 8: Finance. This subcomponent aims to position the country to access finances from the various sources by developing an innovative financial mechanism that includes a climate fund, investment strategy/framework and carbon trading platform. Also, identify tools and incentives that would enhance private sector investments in opportunities associated with climate change.
- Sub component 9: Coordination. The GoK emphasise that the 8 subcomponents are heavily integrated and therefore effective coordination of the sub-components is of great importance to achieve one action plan. SC9 in close collaboration with the Climate Change Secretariat therefore addresses the day-to-day coordination, programme management and reporting.